Sheikh Ibn Baaz on Revolting against Muslim Rulers

Sheikh Ibn Baaz (RH) was asked:
There are those who hold that the perpetration of major sins by the rulers obligates revolting against them, and endeavoring to remove them, even if this causes some harm to the Muslims in the country. And recent occurrences like this have started to happen in places within our Islamic world, so what is your opinion – O noble Shaykh – concerning this?

Whosoever sees something from his leader of sin, then let him hate whatever occurs from sin. And let him not remove his hand from obedience, since whoever removes his hand from disobedience and splits off from the Jamaa’ah (united body), then he dies the death of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic times of ignorance).’’ 1

And the Prophet said: ‘‘The person must obey in whatever he loves, and in whatever he hates, in ease and in hardship, in willingness and un-willingness; except if he is commanded to disobey Allaah. So if he is commanded to disobey Allaah, then he should not listen, not should he obey.’’2

And the Companions asked him: O Messenger of Allaah! When you mentioned that there will be rulers, ‘you will approve of some things from them, and disapprove of others things.’ They said: So what do you command us to do? He said: ‘‘Give them their right, and invoke Allaah, since He is with you.’’ ’Ubaadah (r ) said: ‘‘We gave the oath of allegiance to the Messenger of Allaah that we would not oppose the command, not its people.’’ He said: ‘‘Except if you were to see clear disbelief (kurfan bawaahan) about which you have a proof from Allaah.’’ 3

Rather, it is obligatory to avert the evil by removing it. As for averting the evil with a greater evil, then that is not permissible by consensus of the Muslims. So if this group which wishes to remove the ruler who has committed clear disbelief, has the power to remove him, and to replace him with a good righteous leader, without bringing about that which is a greater evil and corruption upon the Muslims, and a greater evil than this ruler, then there is no problem. And for if this revolting will bring about a greater corruption, and betraying the trust, and oppression upon the people, and murdering those who do not deserve it, and great evils other than this, then it is not permissible.4

1.Related by al-Bukhaaree (13/5) and Muslim (no. 1849)
2.Related by al-Bukhaaree (4/203)
3.Related by Muslim (6/17)
4.Imaam Aboo Bark al-Aajurree (d.360H) – rahimahullaah – said: ‘‘It is not permissible for the one who sees the uprising of a khaarijee who has revolted against the leader, whether he is just or oppressive – so this person has revolted and gathered a group behind him, has pulled out his sword and has made lawful the killing of Muslims – it is not fitting for the one who sees this, that he becomes deceived by this person’s recitation of the Qur‘aan, the length of his standing in Prayer, nor his constant fasting, nor his good and excellent words in knowledge when it is clear to him that this person’s way and methodology is that of the Khawaarij.” Refer to the book ash-Sharee’ah (p. 28)

Leaflets & Articles Refuting Extremism {Download PDF}

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The khawaarij Ideology will Continue to Appear Until the Last Hour
Judging by other than what Allah has revealed – the correct explanation
Sayings of the scholars regarding those who do not judge by what Allah has revealed
Principles of Takfir
Violent Islamic Radicalisation – its root causes
The Evil End of A Terrorist
“Muslim Terroris” The Myth:
The Early Khawaarij Sect & The Takfiris of Today

Extremism in Takfeer

Extremism in Takfeer Part 1 of 13 – Introduction
Extremism in Takfeer Part 2 of 13 – Principle One
Extremism in Takfeer Part 3 of 13 – Principle Two
Extremism in Takfeer Part 4 of 13 – Principle Three
Extremism in Takfeer Part 5 of 13 – Principle Four
Extremism in Takfeer Part 6 of 13 – Principle Five
Extremism in Takfeer Part 7 of 13 – Principle Six
Extremism in Takfeer Part 8 of 13 – Principle Seven
Extremism in Takfeer Part 9 of 13 – Principle Eight
Extremism in Takfeer Part 10 of 13 – Principle Nine
Extremism in Takfeer Part 11 of 13 – Principle Ten

more parts coming soon insha’Allāh

If Sheikh Ibn Baaz was alive he would have warned against Anwar al Awlaki

Sheikh Ibn Baaz (rh) was asked: Can we co-operate with the jamatul jihad?

 

Answer: They are not to be co-operated with, nor are they to be given salaams to. Rather, they are to be cut off from, and the people are to be warned against their evil. Since they are a fitnah (tribulation) and are harmful to the Muslims, and they are the brethren of the Devil (Shaytaan)!

Those who love, respect and except Ibn Baaz (rh) as their scholar cannot now make us salafis blameworthy for refuting and exposing Anwar al Awlaki, Abu Hamza, Abu Qatada, Faisal al Jamaici and other jihadis/takfiris.

The result of violent extremist behaviour…

A nice reply to those who say salafis are defeatists! and salafis don’t speak out they don’t revolt, they are in the pockets of the leaders rather they love the leaders. This is also an important lesson for all the Muslims living in the west to consider carefully when we witness extremists in our midst anger the non Muslim population including the governments.

So the wisdom in prohibiting the fighting was to protect the dawah from being cut off completely by the enemies. The Quraish use to be hostile and punish all those who believed then they use to wait for the reaction from the companions so they can then spill their blood and finally put an end to the dawah and its messenger (s) with the excuse he caused a revolt. The Quraish were continuously searching for ways with their plots trying to be smart and sly annoying the believers to find excuses to cause fighting. As Allah says

وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللّهُ وَاللّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ
And when those who disbelieved devised plans against you that they might confine you or slay you or drive you away; and they devised plans and Allah too had arranged a plan; and Allah is the best of planners. (Surah al Anfaal verse 30)

In the UK the foreign policy and domestic terror laws are the annoying factor for Muslims. Some Muslims (be they insignificant in number) have no patience and cannot see a forth coming storm as a result of their ignorance and foolish behaviour.

Are Muslims Allowed to Uprise Against a Non Muslim Leader Like in Syria?

I have already answered this somewhere in some comments or posts on my Facebook. Anyway, you used the words ‘uprising against a kafir leader’ – Having a non Muslim leader is unacceptable for Muslims, it is not allowed in the shariah for a non Muslim to be in authority over Muslims. However how do we remove or change the situation is the question that really should be asked and not are we allowed. We are allowed as long as we are able to fulfill the conditions of removing him.

Firstly, we need to establish why are we uprising or rebelling is it because we have no jobs? We have little food? We are being treated unjustly? Or is it because we want Allah law sharia to judge us and be implemented in our lands. If it is the former then the uprising will be fruitless, we may achieve some of our goals but gain terrible other problems in the process and the end will be one tyrannical rule for another. If it is the latter then we know we will achieve our goals and the end will be safety and peace and happiness.

Secondly, if we have the correct intention and reason to upraise we need to examine the citizens, and people who are uprising are they people who love zina, wine drinking, commit shirk worship graves and awliyaa, engrossed in bidda and deviation, defenders and callers of democracy, socialism, liberals or women’s rights. If it transpires the citizens are mainly of the above then the uprising and removing of this disbelieving leader will not bring about the desired outcome as mentioned in point one above. We should concentrate on dawah fixing the people beliefs, religion and uprightness. If it transpires the citizens are none or very little of the above then we have completed one of the pre requisites of removing a disbelieving leader.

Thirdly, if we have fulfilled the two conditions above we need to look for a third and that is will greater harm come to the Muslims if we remove this disbelieving leader? Greater harm according to the salaf is one handful of Muslim blood being spilled. When Ibn Umar was asked by some companions and tabeein to take the pledge of allegiance and fight Yazeed he refused saying “I do not want one handful of blood spilled on my account” Muslim blood is more sacred than the kaba Ibnu Maaja narrates from Abdullah ibnu ‘Umar who said; “I saw he messenger of Allah (s) by the Ka’aba saying: “how good you and your scent are, how great you, and your sanctuary is. By he whose hand my soul is in, the violation of a believers rights is greater in the sight of Allah than yours, (from his rights are) his wealth his blood and that you do not think of him except in a good light.” Ibn Masood narrates that the messenger (s) said: “the first to face trial amongst the people will be those who spilled blood.” (Bukhari and Muslim). So we need to establish which is greater the spilling of a Muslim blood or the injustice we face from this disbelieving ruler. If it transpires we can remove him without the spilling of blood then we need to fulfill another condition.

Fourthly, if the above three conditions are met we then need to establish do we have a replacement for this disbelieving leader? Are we united upon this new leader or are we going to fight each other afterwards spilling blood because each group wants his leader to rule. If we do not have a replacement in place who is pious, will judge by shariah, everyone is united upon him, we have opened ourselves to possible further disunity and killings. If we say we will have democratic elections and decide….. then do I need to say anymore? If we say it doesn’t matter just remove this one and we will put our trust in Allah then this is not correct as Allah has ordered us to take our precautions and be wise.

As for the current situation in Syria it is different now from when it was at the beginning. All the above I mentioned was applicable at the beginning, but when the situation changed to millions being displaced, losing their homes and their families being killed and raped and a civil war between sunni and shia. In such a situation these Syrian people have no choice but to fight back and remove this tyrant and disbeliever, we can only hope and pray Allah gives them victory and someone better than Bashar. This is now a jihad and no longer a rebellion or uprising.